Biology is the study of living organisms: their structure, function, organization, origin, and evolution. Options include: anatomy, biophysics, cell and molecular biology, computational biology, ecology and evolution, environmental biology, forensic biology, genetics, marine biology, microbiology, molecular biosciences, natural science, neurobiology, physiology, zoology and many others. A central organizing concept in biology is that life changes and develops through evolution and that all lifeforms known have a common origin.
It began to dominate the study of evolution, posing a series of challenges to the synthetic theory of evolution, and culminating with the views of Japanese geneticist Motoo Kimura (1924-94) and others who argued that the vast majority of variation seen at the molecular level was due to random genetic drift and mutation and not to natural selection, which acted merely in a negative or eliminative role.
Our world-class graduate faculty span the full continuum of biological subdisciplines, thus affording a true cross-disciplinary education in Biology. As a biology student you will have developed formidable scientific nous which, coupled with close analytical skills, organizational skills and attention to detail make biology graduates well suited to careers as a research scientist, biologist or lab technician in industry, healthcare or education.
Physiology is the study of the mechanical, physical, and biochemical processes of living organisms function as a whole. Cell Theory: There are three parts to cell theory — the cell is the basic unit of life, all living things are composed of cells, and all cells arise from pre-existing cells. In addition to subject-specific skills, biology graduates develop valuable transferable skills such as data analysis, communication, teamwork and time management.
ASCB®,” The American Society for Cell Biology®,” ASCB AN INTERNATIONAL FORUM FOR CELL BIOLOGY®,” Molecular Biology of the Cell®,” and DORA®” are registered trademarks of The American Society for Cell Biology. Indeed by the middle decades of the 1990s, evolutionary biology was already being wedded to medicine, and especially epidemiology as interest in emerging pathogens grew and as the principles of evolutionary biology were increasingly applied to more practical ends not only in medicine, but also in agriculture, computer sciences, and even robotics.
A course in biological sciences will combine practical and theory work with a mixture of lectures, seminars and lab work. Our Biology program is versatile, allowing you to complement your Genetics, Cell Biology, Physiology, Ecology, Plant Biology, and Human Anatomy courses with studies from the arts, humanities, languages, and mathematics areas. The Department, like the discipline, is diverse, offering both undergraduate and graduate students opportunities to study living systems at the level of genes and proteins to entire ecosystems.
The discovery of the physical representation of heredity came along with evolutionary principles and population genetics In the 1940s and early 1950s, experiments pointed to DNA as the component of chromosomes that held the trait-carrying units that had become known as genes A focus on new kinds of model organisms such as viruses and bacteria , along with the discovery of the double-helical structure of DNA in 1953, marked the transition to the era of molecular genetics From the 1950s to the present times, biology has been vastly extended in the molecular domain.